Determinants of Hypertension among the Elderly Population of Gond Tribe of Sagar District, MP, India
Corresponding Author: Ajay Kumar Ahirwar, Research Scholar, Department of Anthropology
Dr. Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya (A central university), Sagar-470003 (M.P.), India.
Ajay Kumar Ahirwar¹, Awadhesh Narayan Sharma¹, Rajesh Kumar Gautam¹
¹Department of Anthropology
Dr. Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya (A central university), Sagar-470003 (M.P.), India
DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/11.2021-62992117/Frontier Anthropology/06.2021-53228984/V10/A2
Submitted: June 30, 2021
Accepted: November 1, 2021
Published: November 21, 2021
Frontier Anthropology, 2021, 10: 7-16
©Anthropological Society of Manipur
KEYWORDS Systolic, Diastolic, ANOVA, Height, Weight, Undernutrition
Introduction: Hypertension is a direct indicator of the risk of cardiovascular diseases; it has been strongly associated with the increased prevalence of undernutrition and overweight/obesity. The present study aimed to assess malnutrition and hypertension and study the association between Body Mass Index (BMI), Blood Pressure (BP), age, and sex among the elderly population of the Gond tribe of Sagar district, (MP), India.
Material and Methods: The present investigation was carried out among a total of 552 respondents comprising of 279 males and 273 females of age > 60 years. The participants were selected from thirty villages of the Kesli block of district Sagar of Madhya Pradesh, India. The socio-demographic information was collected in a semi-structured schedule by door to door survey. Anthropometric and physiological parameters were also collected.
Results: It was found that among the elderly population, females were more prone to systolic BP (SBP) hypertension (55.2%) and diastolic BP (DBP) hypertension (33.7%) as compared to males (37.5% and 21.6%). The sex difference in SBP hypertension (c²=16.92, p<0.001) and DBP hypertension (c²=10.05, p<0.05) was found statistically significant. It was found that correlation coefficient showed that relationship of BMI with height (r2=0.75), weight (r2=-0.10), waist circumference (WC) (r2=0.64), hip circumference (HC) (r2=0.54) and waist-hip ratio (WHR) (r2=0.29), and Pearson correlation coefficient was found negative and significant (p<0.05*, p<0.01**) between SBP and height (r2=-0.19); whereas the correlation coefficient between DBP and BMI, WC, HC and SBP was found positive and significant with value of r2=0.12, 0.13, 0.11 and 0.66, respectively.
Conclusion: The results of the present study indicate that a total 46.6% and 27.7% of participants were suffering from systolic and diastolic high blood pressure. At the same time, more than half of the elderly population of Gond tribe were underweight.