ISSN: 2319-5835 

Impact of SARS CoV-2 and its variants in the second wave pandemic in Manipur, India

H. Sorojini Devi¹*, AK. Bojen Meetei¹, Lorho Mary Maheo¹ and K. Somarani Devi²

¹Assoc. Professor, Department of Anthropology, Dhanamanjuri University, Imphal, Manipur
²Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, Dhanamanjuri University, Imphal, Manipur

Manuscript Timeline
Submitted: August 1, 2021
Accepted: December 15, 2021
Published: December 30, 2021

Frontier Anthropology, 2021, 10: 33-37
©Anthropological Society of Manipur



KEYWORDS Impact, SARS Cov-2, variants, second wave, pandemic, Manipur

Background: Among the various strains of SARS CoV-2, the delta variant (B.1. 617.2), one of the subvariants of B.1.617, is highly transmissible and plays a dominant role during the second wave pandemic.
Objective: The objective of the present study is to examine the impact of the Covid-19 delta variant, such as infection, positivity rate and deaths during the second wave of the pandemic in Manipur.
Material and Methods: Relevant secondary data on daily Covid-19 IDSP (Integrated Disease Surveillance programme) updates of Manipur from April 1 to July 31, 2021were collected. The mean values of Covid-19 infection, positivity rate and deaths of each month were computed. One way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was calculated to test the statistical differences of the studied variables in these four months, at the significance level of 0.05.
Results: Analysis of data revealed that the highest mean values of Covid-19 positive (922.39) and deaths (13.09) were in the month of July, and the highest positivity rate (18.46 %) was in May 2021. F-ratios indicated that the means of positive, positivity, and deaths were, statistically, significant in these four months.
Conclusion: It has been concluded that the Covid-19 positive, positivity rate and deaths remained high until July 2021. There is still the possibility of increasing the infection in the coming months if adequate and effective measures to control and manage the pandemic are not designed. The public also needs to be concerned and participate in the pandemic’s chain breaking.

Corresponding Author: Dr. H. Sorojini Devi, Assoc. Professor, Department of Anthropology, Dhanamanjuri University, Imphal, Manipur - 795001 (India). E-mail: